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Title Transcription
オサカフ ヤオシ ホウゲン ノ ソザイ タイグウ ケイシキ ヤル ノ キノウ サンシャ ノ カンケイ ヲ アラワス マーカー
Title Alternative
Yaru in Yao Dialect, Osaka: A Marker to Indicate the Relationship of Three Persons
Author
SAKAI, Masashi
Description
大阪府を中心とする近畿方言には,「親愛の情を表す」とされるヤルという素材待遇形式がある。本稿では,待遇表現が話し手による関係把握の表現であるという立場に立ち,大阪府八尾市方言話者のデータをもとに,ヤルの〈機能〉を明らかにした。すなわち,ヤルは,話題の人物が話し手と〈ウチ〉の関係にあり,聞き手もまたその〈ウチ〉の関係にあるという話し手の認識を表す。このような,素材に言及することで聞き手との〈ウチ〉の関係を示すヤルの〈機能〉は,ハルをはじめ,対象を遠隔化する〈機能〉のみを持つ日本語の敬語の中において注目に値する。
Description Alternative
The aim of this article is to clarify the function of the subject honorifics form yaru in the Yao dialect of Osaka. In previous research, yaru is said to indicate the ‘endearment’ because it is used when the subject is younger than the speaker, or the same age. However, this article claims that the function of yaru is not to indicate the feeling of the speaker, but the relationship of the speaker, the hearer, and the subject from the viewpoint of the speaker. Yaru indicates the close relationship of the speaker, subject, and the hearer. Therefore it indicates that the three members are all in ‘internal’ (or close) relationship. This article claims that ‘endearment’, which is claimed as a main function of yaru in previous research, can be thought of as the discourse function by the use of the relation marker yaru.
Yaru is uncommon in that it represents the ‘close’ relationship of both the hearer and subject from the viewpoint of the speaker, while Japanese honorifics (linguistic politeness) are said to represent the ‘distant’ relationship to the subject or hearer from the viewpoint of the speaker.
Subject
待遇表現
素材待遇形式
ヤル
大阪府八尾市方言
〈ウチ〉マーカー
honorific expression
subject honorifics
yaru
Osaka Yao dialect
‘internal’ marker
Journal Title
Studies in the Japanese Language
Volume
14
Issue
1
Start Page
1
End Page
17
ISSN
1349-5119
ISSN(Online)
2189-5732
Published Date
2018.1.1
DOI
Publisher
日本語学会
Publisher Transcription
ニホン ゴ ガッカイ
NII Type
Journal Article
Format
PDF
Text Version
出版社版
Gyoseki ID
e33482
OAI-PMH Set
Faculty of Law and Literature