Toda, Masahiro Graduate School of Human Life Sciences, Notre Dame Seishin University, Okayama, Japan. /Department of Public Health, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan.
Mure, Kanae Department of Public Health, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan.
Takeshita, Tatsuya Department of Public Health, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan.
We investigated associations between smartphone dependence and general health status or personality traits. To 197 medical university students, we administered a set of self-reporting questionnaires designed to evaluate these parameters. For males, smartphone dependence positively correlated with somatic symptoms, anxiety and insomnia, and emotional instability, and negatively correlated with agreeableness. For females, smartphone dependence positively correlated with somatic symptoms, severe depression, and extraversion, and negatively correlated with social dysfunction. These findings suggest that smartphone dependence may be associated with general health status or personality traits and that there may be a gender difference in these associations.
General Health Status
Wakayama Smartphone-Dependence Scale (WSDS)
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine
Scientific Research Publishing Inc.
Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc. / This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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