バイヨウ エキ ニ テンカ サレタ フェノール ブッシツ ブンカイ キン ガ スイコウ キュウリ ノ エイヨウ セイチョウ ニ オヨボス コウカ
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Reversibility of the Action of 2, 4-dichlorobenzoic acid, a Synthetic Herbicide, on Cucumber Seedlings by Strains of Soil Microorganisms
Taniguchi, Hisashi Faculty of Life and Environmental Science, Shimane University
Tomita, Kouhei Faculty of Life and Environmental Science, Shimane University
Taniguchi, Kumiko Faculty of Life and Environmental Science, Shimane University
培養液に添加されたDCLBA分解菌がキュウリの栄養生長に及ぼす効果について検討した.1. 土壌およびキュウリ根から単離されたDCLBA分解菌は, 培養液に添加されたDCLBAを消費することができた.2. 培養液にDCLBAを添加するとキュウリの栄養生長は抑制されたが, DCLBA分解菌懸濁液を培養液に入れるとキュウリの生育抑制は回復した.
The herbicide, 2, 4-dichlorobenzoic acid (DCLBA), was administered through the nutrient solution to six cucumber seedlings grown hydroponically. DCLBA, which is also a synthetic auxin, stunts cucumber plants at a low concentration but kills at a higher one. Roots of six comparable seedlings, treated with DCLBA, were exposed to two strains of microorganisms, TS-22 and TS-29, and Rhizoplane AC1, which were isolated from soils and cucumber roots. The control cucumber seedlings, unexposed to DCLBA and the different strains of microorganisms grew vigorously, whereas those exposed to DCLBA were stunted. The stature of seedlings, exposed simultaneously to DCLBA and TS-22, TS-29, and Rhizoplane AC1, was nearly that of the control, but their fresh and dry weights were approximately 2/3 and 1/2, respectively, of the untreated control seedlings. These results demonstrate that there are microorganisms in the soil and on cucumber roots which, if added to the nutrient solution, can catabolize DCLBA.
2, 4-dichlorobenzoic acid
Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science
Faculty of Life and Environmental Science