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language
eng
Author
Yakushiji, Hiroshi National Institute of Fruit Tree Science
Nakatsuka, Akira Faculty of Life and Environmental Science, Shimane University
Description
This review attempts to introduce the results of recent findings in the areas of genetics and new released cultivars, tree and fruit physiology, new cultural practices with the use of a horizontal trellis or a central leader training grown in container, applications of plant growth regulators for labor-saving and high quality fruit production, heating plastic houses for advanced shipping, humidity control and chemical treatment for shelf-life elongation after harvest of Japanese persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) in Japan. Other research trends focus on methods related to biotechnology and molecular biology for the classification of persimmon cultivars and their relatives, for breeding programs including ploidy manipulation through tissue culture, genetic engineering, DNA markers linked to the trait of fruit astringency, for understanding physiological changes including ethylene production, fruit softening, tannin accumulation and deastringency mechanism in persimmon fruit after harvest. In addition, we will discuss the potential use of health-promoting benefits such as tannins for preventing hangovers or the presence of vitamins.
Description Alternative
本総説では、主に1990年以降の日本におけるカキの研究成果について概説する。育種・植物生理・栽培・貯蔵に関する分野では、果実形質の遺伝解析、新品種の育成、ヘタおよび花性の生理、低温耐性、生理的落果機構、新栽培技術による省力・低コスト・高品質化、植物生長調節剤の作用、休眠覚醒推定による加温栽培の低コスト化ならびに湿度制御やエチレン作用阻害剤による貯蔵性向上に関する研究を議論した。バイオテクノロジー分野では、DNAあるいは染色体解析に基づくカキの品種・近縁野生種間の類縁性解析、プロトプラストおよび細胞融合由来の植物体再生技術、遺伝子組換え体の作出、倍数体操作を取り上げた。さらに、甘渋性に連鎖したDNAマーカーの開発、収穫後のエチレン生成と果実軟化、タンニン蓄積と脱渋機構など分子生物学的手法を用いた研究の進展について言及した。最後に、タンニンやビタミンなどの健康増進物質による機能性研究について議論した。
Subject
persimmon
Journal Title
Japanese Journal of Plant Science
Volume
1
Issue
2
Start Page
42
End Page
62
ISSN
17502292
Published Date
2007
Publisher
Global Science Books
NII Type
Journal Article
Relation
Resource URL(IsVersionOf)
http://www.globalsciencebooks.info/Online/GSBOnline/images/0712/JJPS_1(2)/JJPS_1(2)42-62o.pdf
Rights
© 2007 Global Science Books
This journal has ceased publication. All published content is now freely available in open access format.
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Faculty of Life and Environmental Science
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