File
language
eng
Attribute
original article
Author
Nishiki, Masateru
Kurioka, Soichi
Yamane, Yuko
Mori, Toshiaki
Shimizu, Tadashi
Kato, Yuzuru
Description
Diabetic complications could be prevented orblunted by better control of blood glucose with intensive insulin therapy. However, we need to have a reliable indicator to determine the timing when one patient should be introduced into the insulin therapy.
In the present study, residual &szlig;-cell function in the pancreas was evaluated by measuring serum Cpeptide (CPR) levels and 24 hr urinary excretions of CPR in 43 non-obese patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). All patients were initially treated with threetime daily (t.i.d.) injections of regular insulin for one or two weeks, during which period those patients whose fasting blood glucose levels being ≦1 80 mg/dl were classified into the class 1, and those being > 180 mg/dl were into the class 2. In the following study period, class 1 patients (n=18) were maintained t.i.d. regular insulin alone, while class 2 patients (n=25) received at 9:00 p.m. a single injection of neutral protamine insulin suspension in addition to the t.i.d. injections of regular insulin. Both basal serum CPR levels and urinary excretions of CPR were revealed to be much lower in the class 2 patients than in the class 1 patients (mean ± SD; serum CPR, 1.1±0.4 ng/ml for class 1 vs. 0.6±0.4 ng/ml for class 2, P<0.01; urinary CPR excretion, 40±14 μg/day for class 1 vs. 20±16 μg/day for class 2, P<0.01). Moreover, there was a significant correlation between basal serum CPR levels and the urinary CPR excretions (r=0.64, P<0.01). These findings suggest that basal serum CPR levels as well as the urinary CPR excretions are useful indicators for determining the proper timing to introduce the intensive insulin therapy into non-obese DM patients.
Journal Title
Shimane journal of medical science
Volume
19
Issue
2
Start Page
25
End Page
28
ISSN
03865959
ISSN(Online)
24332410
Published Date
2001-12-01
NCID
AA00841586
Publisher Aalternative
Shimane Medical University
NII Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Format
PDF
Text Version
出版社版
OAI-PMH Set
Faculty of Medicine
Remark
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/vol_issue/nels/AA00841586_jp.html