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タイトルヨミ
キョクショテキ カラシュゴ ゲンゴ トシテ ノ ショキ エイゴ ト パラメタ カイソウ
日本語以外のタイトル
Early English as Local Null Subject Language and Its Implication for Parameter Hierarchy
ファイル
言語
日本語
属性
人文・社会科学
著者
内容記述(抄録等)
There has been much debate in the literature about whether or to what extent Early English allowed null subjects. Recent statistical researches such as Rusten( 2019) have revealed the overall picture of the distribution of null subjects in the language. In the theoretical comparative studies, on the other hand, the traditional null subject parameter (Chomsky (1981), Rizzi (1982, 1986)) has been reconsidered from the microparametric perspective since the pioneering work on partial null subject languages by Holmberg (2010). In this paper, I characterize Old and Early Middle English as “Local Null Subject Language,” which was the last stage of the gradual decline of referential null subjects that had once been productively observed in Proto-Germanic, and account for why pronominal subjects were likely to be dropped in V1 environments when they were interpreted to refer to third person referents in Early English, essentially revising and developing the seminal work by Nawata (2014). More specifically, I argue that referential null subjects were licensed by the speakers of Early English who had the option of default agreement for tensed verbs, and they were interpreted via the topic chain in the sense of Frascarelli (2007, 2018) and Frascarelli and Jiménez-Fernández (2019). I also evaluate the validity of our hypothesis from the viewpoint of the theory of parameter hierarchy put forth by Robers (2019), and consider how we should deal with gradual syntactic changes that are often observed in diachronic development of many languages including English.
主題
初期英語
空主語
パラメター階層
素性継承
細分化された左方周辺部
掲載誌名
島根大学教育学部紀要
54
開始ページ
51
終了ページ
62
ISSN
2433-5355
発行日
2021-02-17
出版者
島根大学教育学部
資料タイプ
紀要論文
ファイル形式
PDF
著者版/出版社版
出版社版
部局
教育学部