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ファイル
言語
日本語
属性
学術論文
著者
森口 慶哉 自然科学研究科
内容記述(抄録等)
Rice blast disease, caused by Magnaporthe oryzae, is considered the most important fungal disease of rice worldwide. Owing to continuous resistance acquisition, several fungicide chemicals are no longer effective. Therefore, there is a need to identify natural components for the development of new agents for the control of fungal pathogens. In the present study, we evaluated the antifungal activity of an ethyl acetate extract of the culture filtrates (ECF) of strain O-811 isolated from the fresh fruiting bodies of wild mushrooms against the rice pathogen M. oryzae. When conidia of M. oryzae were suspended in O-811-ECF and dropped onto glass slides, conidia germination was significantly inhibited in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally, the length of blast lesions produced by M. oryzae was significantly reduced in the presence of O-811-ECF compared to distilled water. Internal transcribed spacer region sequence analysis indicated that this isolate (O-811) shared similarities with the fungal species of Biscogniauxia sp. The growth inhibition zone against M. oryzae in the presence of O-811-ECF was observed at Rf 0.66 on the thin layer chromatography (TLC) plate. Furthermore, the growth inhibition zone by O-811-ECF and{(3aS,4aR,8aS,9aR)-3a-hydroxy-8a-methyl-3,5-dimethylenedecahydronaphto[2,3-b]fu ran-2(3H)-one} (HDFO) was detected with the same Rf value on TLC plates. These results suggest that the inhibitory compound included in the strain of the O-811 isolate of Biscogniauxia sp. is the same as that from the HDFO of strain O-821.
主題
Biscogniauxia sp.
Plant disease control
Rice blast fungus
Secondary metabolite
掲載誌名
島根大学生物資源科学部研究報告
24
開始ページ
14
終了ページ
18
ISSN
2435-0885
発行日
2019-11-30
NCID
AA1112906X
出版者
島根大学生物資源科学部
出版者別表記
Faculty of Life and Environmental Science, Shimane University
資料タイプ
紀要論文
ファイル形式
PDF
著者版/出版社版
出版社版
部局
生物資源科学部
備考
CODEN : SDSKF6