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Lahbib Latrach
Naaila Ouazzani
Abdessamad Hejjaj
Fouad Zouhir
Mustapha Mahi
Laila Mandi
The study gives a new method for contaminants removal from domestic wastewater using a novel design of Multi-Soil-Layering (MSL) eco-technology. Two MSL reactors were built and operated under laboratory conditions: a standard and modified MSL design (S-MSL and M-MSL). A tracer test using KCl indicated varying degrees of dispersion, short-circuiting, dead space, effective volume ratio and hydraulic efficiency in two MSL reactors. The new MSL design was found to be most effective in improving hydrodynamic flow conditions. The M-MSL reactor increased the mean HRT from 15.79 to 22.07 h, and decreased the dead space rate from 38% to 8%. The early arrival of the distribution peak, indicator of short-circuiting, was mainly noted in the case of S-MSL RTD which is around 57% of the nominal HRT. A high dead space rate was found to occur in the S-MSL reactor, and produced a poor hydraulic performance. The large difference between the nominal and mean HRT confirms the presence of zones of stagnation in the S-MSL system. The new MSL design increased the effective volume ratio from 0.62 to 0.92. The hydraulic efficiency was increased from 0.26 to 0.84 and reached a good level (λ ≥ 0.75) highlighting the excellent hydraulic performance of the M-MSL design. Obtained results revealed that M-MSL had an optimal hydraulic profile and enhanced sanitary and physicochemical performances compared to S-MSL. The mean log reduction of total coliforms, fecal coliforms and fecal streptococci was increased from 1.25, 1.26 and 1.15 log units for the S-MSL to 2.36, 2.38 and 2.11 log units for the M-MSL reactor. Both MSL reactors achieved high and satisfactory TSS and organics removal. The M-MSL reactor accomplished a 92% removal of TN, while the S-MSL achieved a slightly less effective result. The M-MSL reactor was also found to be more efficient in reducing TP by 98% compared to a removal rate of 76% in the S-MSL reactor. Therefore, the new design of MSL eco-technology could be adopted as an alternative to the current design for efficient domestic wastewater treatment.
Hydraulic efficiency
Modified Multi-Soil-Layering system
Standard Multi-Soil-Layering system
Purifying performance
Retention time distribution
Journal Title
Ecological Engineering
Start Page
End Page
Published Date
Elsevier B.V.
NII Type
Journal Article
Text Version
Gyoseki ID
Faculty of Life and Environmental Science