The length of the isoprenoid-side chain in ubiquinone, an essential component of the electron transport chain, is defined by poly-prenyl diphosphate synthase, which comprises either homomers (e.g., IspB in Escherichia coli) or heteromers (e.g., decaprenyl diphosphate synthase (Dps1) and D-less polyprenyl diphosphate synthase (Dlp1) in Schizosaccharomyces pombe and in humans). We found that expression of either dlp1 or dps1 recovered the thermo-sensitive growth of an E. coli ispBR321A mutant and restored IspB activity and production of Coenzyme Q-8. IspB interacted with Dlp1 (or Dps1), forming a high-molecular weight complex that stabilized IspB, leading to full functionality.
Prenyl diphosphate synthase
Federation of European Biochemical Societies
Faculty of Life and Environmental Science