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Title Transcription
キョクショテキ カラシュゴ ゲンゴ トシテ ノ ショキ エイゴ ト パラメタ カイソウ
Title Alternative (English)
Early English as Local Null Subject Language and Its Implication for Parameter Hierarchy
File
language
jpn
Attribute
LITERATURE AND SOCIAL SCIENCE
Author
Description
There has been much debate in the literature about whether or to what extent Early English allowed null subjects. Recent statistical researches such as Rusten( 2019) have revealed the overall picture of the distribution of null subjects in the language. In the theoretical comparative studies, on the other hand, the traditional null subject parameter (Chomsky (1981), Rizzi (1982, 1986)) has been reconsidered from the microparametric perspective since the pioneering work on partial null subject languages by Holmberg (2010). In this paper, I characterize Old and Early Middle English as “Local Null Subject Language,” which was the last stage of the gradual decline of referential null subjects that had once been productively observed in Proto-Germanic, and account for why pronominal subjects were likely to be dropped in V1 environments when they were interpreted to refer to third person referents in Early English, essentially revising and developing the seminal work by Nawata (2014). More specifically, I argue that referential null subjects were licensed by the speakers of Early English who had the option of default agreement for tensed verbs, and they were interpreted via the topic chain in the sense of Frascarelli (2007, 2018) and Frascarelli and Jiménez-Fernández (2019). I also evaluate the validity of our hypothesis from the viewpoint of the theory of parameter hierarchy put forth by Robers (2019), and consider how we should deal with gradual syntactic changes that are often observed in diachronic development of many languages including English.
Subject
初期英語
空主語
パラメター階層
素性継承
細分化された左方周辺部
Journal Title
Memoirs of the Faculty of Education, Shimane University
Volume
54
Start Page
51
End Page
62
ISSN
2433-5355
Published Date
2021-02-17
Publisher
島根大学教育学部
NII Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Format
PDF
Text Version
出版社版
OAI-PMH Set
Faculty of Education
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