ダウンロード数 : ?
ファイル
言語
英語
属性
症例報告
著者
藤原 純子 法医学講座
安田 年博 福井大学
木村 かおり 法医学講座
長谷川 正紀 島根県警察本部
倉田 さつき 倉田こどもクリニック
竹下 治男 法医学講座
内容記述(抄録等)
Caffeine is commonly used as a stimulant, and fatal
caffeine overdoses are increasing. In the present
study, two case reports showing a fatal blood concentration
of caffeine were reported and compared
to previously published case reports.
Case 1: A 19-year-old female was found dead in
her room. It was speculated that she ingested 84
tablets (100 mg) of a sleep-inhibitor product. The
caffeine levels in her cardiac blood and stomach
were 116 μg/ml and 619 μg/ml, respectively. There
was no macroscopic indication of any natural or unnatural
cause of death.
Case 2: The condition of a 47-year-old male deteriorated
suddenly. Hypothermia and excess sweating
were observed. After vomiting several times, he lost
consciousness. At autopsy, severe pulmonary edema
was observed. His cardiac blood caffeine level was
determined to be 171 μg/ml, which exceeds fatal
blood caffeine levels. However, there is no evidence
of his ingesting massive amounts of caffeine.
The blood caffeine concentration in previously
reported fatal caffeine ingestions ranged from 33 to
350 μg/ml. The two present cases are within this
range. The accumulation of data on blood caffeine
concentrations and ingestion amounts is helpful to
predict the intake amount of caffeine.
主題
caffeine
fatal
toxicology
symptom
poisoning
掲載誌名
Shimane Journal of Medical Science
34
2
開始ページ
55
終了ページ
59
ISSN
03865959
ISSN(Online)
24332410
発行日
2017-12-31
NCID
AA00841586
出版者
Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University
出版者別表記
島根大学医学部
資料タイプ
紀要論文
ファイル形式
PDF
権利関係
Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University
著者版/出版社版
出版社版
部局
医学部 医学科
このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加