ケッカク カンジャ ノ セイカツ シンリ ノ ケンキュウ 1
A Study of Psychological Reactions of Patients in a T.B. Sanatorium
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Dr. Maurice Porot, at his work - La Psychologie des Tuberculeux 1950, categorized a group of patients' psychological feactions as the relative effects of the disease upon pati'ents' minds. This classification seem~ to implicate his medical aspect which re* garads patients' every reaction as a symptom of the disease, in spite of the fact that he mentioned about some living factors brought by the disease into patients' lives.
However, it seems to be rather the patient's life itself than the disease that affects patient's behaviors. Actually, most patients are suffered from their recuperative living situation more than the disease. Medical treatments,thus, cannot cure the disease without guidance of wide range of patients' Iives.
On this aspect, we collected data of petients' psychological reactions A) to their living situation (of sufferings and difficuliies in their daily recuperative lives,) B) to themselves (their present state of minds and dreams or plans for future,) and C) to communities (their social attitudes ) Patients' memoirs and questionaires were eollcted and analvzed.
Our analysis of these data showed;
1) the existence of strong personal frustrations and intra-group tension among them in a sanatorium.
2) patients' hysterical reactions which project their desire for love and antagonistic tendencies for their future planning because of their deep anxieties, and
3) semi-romanticsism of their social attitudes with some elements of escaping from the realities of life
In such situation, patients tend to regard symptoms of the disease as the criterion of their whole abilities of living as well as of ill-health. Consequently, many patients bet all of them against recovery in their neurotic manners. However, what difference can be seen between such patients and, for instance, students who bet all against final exams ?
We must notice the existence of the common principle of behavior patterning among any kind of human behavior at any kind of situation. This report should be nothing but a part of data for studies of behavior patterns.